||9th subcritical nuclear weapon
experiment. 2000.3.22;10th test:2000.8.18;12th test.
||subcritical nuclear weapon experiment. 7
times after 1999.9.2
||The Lower House (The Upper House
on 4.19) ratified START U(7 years after signed).
||NPT-Review Conference agreed on
the following practical steps for the systematic and progressive
efforts to implement Article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation
of Nuclear Weapons and paragraphs 3 and 4 (c) of the 1995 Decision on
"Principles and Objectives for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and
Disarmament": 1.The importance and urgency of signatures and
ratifications, without delay
and without conditions and in accordance with constitutional processes,
to achieve the early entry into force of the Comprehensive Test Ban
2.A moratorium on nuclear weapon test explosions or any other nuclear
pending entry into force of that Treaty. 3.The necessity of
in the Conference on Disarmament on a non-discriminatory, multilateral
internationally and effectively verifiable treaty banning the
of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive
in accordance with the statement of the Special Coordinator in 1995 and
the mandate contained therein, taking into consideration both nuclear
and nuclear non-proliferation objectives. The Conference on Disarmament
is urged to agree on a programme of work which includes the immediate
commencement of negotiations on such a treaty with a view to their
within five years. 4.The necessity of establishing in the Conference on
Disarmament an appropriate subsidiary body with a mandate to deal with
nuclear disarmament. The Conference on Disarmament is urged to agree on
a programme of work which includes the immediate establishment of such
body. 5.The principle of irreversibility to apply to nuclear
disarmament, nuclear and other related arms control and reduction
measures. 6.An unequivocal undertaking by the nuclear weapon states to
accomplish the total elimination of their nuclear arsenals leading to
nuclear disarmament to which all States parties are committed under
Article VI. 7.The early entry into force and
full implementation of START II and the conclusion of START III as soon
possible while preserving and strengthening the ABM Treaty as a
of strategic stability and as a basis for further reductions of
offensive weapons, in accordance with its provisions. 8.The completion
and implementation of the Trilateral Initiative between the United
of America, the Russian Federation and the International Atomic Energy
Agency. 9.Steps by all the nuclear weapon States leading to nuclear
in a way that promotes international stability, and based on the
of undiminished security for all: Further efforts by the nuclear weapon
States to reduce their nuclear arsenals unilaterally. Increased
by the nuclear weapon States with regard to their nuclear weapons
and the implementation of agreements pursuant to Article VI and as a
confidence-building measure to support further progress on nuclear
disarmament. The further reduction of non-strategic nuclear weapons,
based on unilateral
initiatives and as an integral part of the nuclear arms reduction and
process. Concrete agreed measures to further reduce the operational
of nuclear weapons systems. A diminishing role for nuclear weapons in
security policies to minimize the risk that these weapons ever be used
to facilitate the process of their total elimination. The engagement as
soon as appropriate of all the nuclear weapon States in the process
to the total elimination of their nuclear weapons. Arrangements by all
nuclear weapon States to place, as soon as practicable, fissile
material designated by each of them as no longer required for military
under IAEA or other relevant international verification and
arrangements for the disposition of such material for peaceful
purposes, to ensure
that such material remains permanently outside of military
programmes.10.Reaffirmation that the ultimate objective of the efforts
of States in the disarmament
process is general and complete disarmament under effective
control. 11.Regular reports, within the framework of the NPT
review process, by all States parties on the implementation of Article
and paragraph 4 (c) of the 1995 Decision on "Principles and Objectives
Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament", and recalling the Advisory
Opinion of the International Court of Justice of 8 July 1996. 12.The
development of the verification capabilities that will be required to
assurance of compliance with nuclear disarmament agreements for the
and maintenance of a nuclear weapon free world.
||The giant Russian nuclear submarine Kursk
-- carrying a crew of 118 -- sank in the icy waters of the Barents Sea
after what Russian officials described as a "catastrophe that developed
at lightning speed." More than a week later divers opened the rear
hatch of the sub but found no survivors.
||A Resolution for Abolition of
Nuclear Weapons sponsored by New Agenda Coalition Nations approved by a
recorded vote 146 in favour to 3 against, with 8 abstentions. Against:
Israel, India and Pakistan.
||US government, [Rumsfeld, the U.S.
defense secretary], suggested withdrawal from ABM-treaty.
||8:45 a.m. (all times are EDT): A
hijacked passenger jet, American Airlines Flight 11 out of Boston,
crashes into the north tower of the World Trade Center, tearing a
gaping hole in
the building and setting it afire. 9:03 a.m.: A second hijacked
airliner, United Airlines Flight 175 from Boston, crashes into the
of the World Trade Center and explodes. Both buildings are burning.
a.m.: American Airlines Flight 77 crashes into the Pentagon. The south
tower of the World Trade Center collapses, plummeting into the streets
below. 10:10 a.m.: United Airlines Flight 93, also hijacked, crashes in
Somerset County, Pennsylvania, southeast of Pittsburgh. 10:28 a.m.: The
World Trade Center's north tower collapses from the top down. American
Flight 11, a Boeing 767 flying from Boston to Los Angeles, had 81
and 11 crew aboard. Flight 77, a Boeing 757 en route from Washington's
International Airport to Los Angeles, had 58 passengers and six crew
aboard. Flight 175, from Boston to Los Angeles, has crashed with 56
and nine crew members aboard. 1:44 p.m.: The Pentagon says five
and two aircraft carriers will leave the U.S. Naval Station in Norfolk,
Virginia, to protect the East Coast from further attack and to reduce
number of ships in port. The two carriers, the USS George Washington
the USS John F. Kennedy, are headed for the New York coast. The other
headed to sea are frigates and guided missile destroyers capable of
down aircraft. 4 p.m: U.S. officials said there are "good indications"
Saudi militant Osama bin Laden, suspected of coordinating the bombings
two U.S. embassies in 1998, is involved in the attacks, based on "new
specific" information developed since the attacks.
||IPPNW published astatement "...
We support the efforts by US and international authorities to identify
the perpetrators of this crime against humanity and to bring them to
justice... We cannot help but think of the consequences had nuclear
been used in this attack. The deaths and injuries would have numbered
the millions, and the hospitals and other emergency response
infrastructure would have been destroyed, making it impossible to
rescue and care for survivors.... What befell New York and Washington
must force us to consider the prospect, indeed the seeming
inevitability, that one day terrorism will go nuclear. The US, as the
world's richest most technologically advanced country, is most
susceptible to nuclear terrorism. No nation, therefore, has more
derive from the abolition of nuclear weapons.
||14th subcritical nuclear experiment
||21 cans of coffee containing Plutonium
(dismantled from Soviet nuclear weapons?) was found and seized.
||A Resolution, Towards a
nuclear-weapon-free world: approved in the First Committee by a
vote of 124 in favor to 2 against, with 20 abstentions. US first voted
against showing the wish to make CTBT void.
||Nuclear Posture Review (NPR),released by
US Department of Defense. US, rather than fulfilling its commitment
under the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) has reasserted the centrality
of nuclear weapons to its national defense policy.US intends not only
to maintain thousands of nuclear warheads well into the middle of this
century, but also to gmodernizeh its nuclear forces by adding new types
of warheads that will eventually require a resumption of nuclear
| 2002. 2.15
||Subcritical nuclear weapons experiment
named "Vito" at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico. The
United Kingdom participated in this experimentat. 17th subcritical
nuclear experiment on June 7, 18th experiment named "Mario" on August
19th experiment dubbed "Rocco" on Septmber 26, 2002.
| 2002. 2.15
||Anew study completed in August 2001 by
National Cancer Institute showed that people living in a long,
plume-shaped region stretching from Idaho and Montana to the
Mississippi River and beyond had a slightly higher risk of developing
thyroid cancer because of the Nevada tests.he study says in highly
guarded terms that the global fallout could eventually be responsible
for more than 11,000 cancer deaths in the United States.
| 2002. 3.10
||U.S. nuclear plan sees new targets and
weapons for striking targets in Iraq, Iran, North Korea, Syria and
Libya;stresses need to develop earth-penetrating nuclear weapons to
destroy heavily fortified underground bunkers.It argues that US may
need to resume nuclear testing.
| 2002. 4
||Plan to store the nation's deadly
radioactive waste under Yucca Mountain, Nevada, opposed by Gov. Kenny
Guinn. General Accounting Office concluded in December that nearly 300
scientific and engineering questions about the Yucca plan remained
unanswered. Nevada's top officials accused the president of kowtowing
to the pro-Yucca nuclear energy lobby and reneging on a campaign
promise not to approve
the plan without "sound science."
| 2002. 5.24
||Nucelar arms cut treaty
signed. It commits both countries to reducing their arsenals, now 6,000
warheads each, to no more than 2,200 at end of 2012, when treaty
after that, either nation would be free to rearm starting next year
agreement is extended.
| 2002. 7.15
||Non-nuclear decralation by more than 80%
of local assembly.
| 2002. 9.20
||President Bush's new national security
strategy,"The National Security Strategy of the United States."
In the Cold War, weapons of mass destruction were considered weapons of
last resort whose use risked the destruction of those who used them.
Today, our enemies see weapons of mass destruction as weapons of
choice.The greater the threat, the greater is the risk of inaction --
and the more compelling the case for taking anticipatory action to
defend ourselves, even if uncertainty remains as to the time and place
of the enemy's attack. It is time to reaffirm the essential role of
American military strength. We must build and maintain our defenses
beyond challenge. Our military's highest priority is to defend the
United States. To do so effectively, our military must: assure our
allies and friends; dissuade future military competition; deter threats
against U.S. interests, allies, and friends; and decisively defeat any
adversary if deterrence fails. We will take the actions necessary to
ensure that our efforts to meet our global security commitments and
protect Americans are not impaired by the potential for investigations,
inquiry, or prosecution by the International Criminal Court (ICC),
whose jurisdiction does not extend to Americans and which we do not
| 2002. 9.25
||A potential shortage of tritium,
a crucial ingredient of every nuclear weapon, has prompted the
Department of Energy to consider whether to recommend starting projects
to manufacture more of the radioactive gas.(Tritium, a form of
hydrogen, is used to
improve the efficiency of fission in uranium and plutonium, and is
as a gas in nuclear weapons for that purpose. It decays at 5.5 percent
a year, and must be replenished.)
||Bush administration says North Korea
admits it has been conducting major clandestine nuclear-weapons
development program for past several years and that it has 'nullified'
its 1994 agreement with US to freeze all nuclear weapons development
activity; surprise revelation comes after American diplomat James A
Kelley confronts North Korean counterparts in Pyongyang with American
intelligence data suggesting secret project is under way.
||U.S.A. & United Kingdom
||[U.S.A.and United Kingdom] The report, Collateral
Damage: The Health and Environmental Costs of War on Iraq,issued by
International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) and
A US-led attack on Iraq could kill between 48,000 and 260,000
civilians and combatants in just the first three months of conflict.
Post-war health effects could take an additional 200,000 lives.
||Removal of the equipment that
international inspectors installed more than eight years ago to make
sure that it would not make use of its large stockpile of plutonium to
produce nuclear weapons.
||North Korea's announcement of
expelling IAEA inspectors of nuclear program. Reatart of a nuclear fuel
reprocessing laboratory that could supply the nation with weapons-grade
||D.P.R.K. North Korea
from Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty (NPT)and escape from
restraint of the nuclear-inspection agreement with the International
Energy Agency (IAEA) completely.
||Visit by IAEA Director General,Mohamed
Iran for inspection of nuclear institutes, etc. Doubt of nuclear weapon
||The difference found in the presumed
contained in the spent nuclear fuel sent to Japan Nuclear Cycle
Institute Tokai Re-processing Institute and the quantity actually
by re-processing. 206 kg in 25 years.
| 2003. 1.31
||D.P.R.K. North Korea
||The transfer of nuclear
rods toYongbyon nuclear facility found by a spy satellite.
||Denouncement by French Foreign
Dominique de Villepin at the Security Council of proposal by US and UK
sanction of Iraq by armed forces. World-wide anti-war demonstration by
than 10 million people.
||A prospect by U.S. Vice-President that
nuclear armament of North Korea with ballistic missile causes arms race
East Asia. "Japan may be forced to consider its own nuclear armament."
||Iraq war: Declaration by President Bush.
||Approve, Disapprove the way George W.
is handling the situation with Iraq by US citizens:3/23/03,75% and 22%;
||The first air attack by U.S. Forces to
||Anti-war action in many cities. The
parade by about 500,000 people (police presumption, about 100,000
||Opinion survey: Approval and
Iraq War, 31% and 58%. Support by Prime Minister Koizumi of Iraw War,
||Air attack by cluster bombs and depleted
officially stated by US-central army.
||Expression by North Korea
to US of possesion of nuclear arsenal at three nations discussion of
Korean nuclear issue in Beijing.
||Declaration of Victory of Iraq
by President Bush on the carrier Abraham Lincoln.
||Senate Armed Services Committee
markup of national defense authorization bill for fiscal year 2004.
* Authorized a provision to repeal the ban on research and development
low yield nuclear weapons, and stated that nothing in the repeal shall
construed as authorizing the testing, acquisition, or deployment of a
nuclear weapon (low-yield nuclear weapons of less than 5 kilotons, and
nuclear bombs that could destroy underground enemy facilities). *
a provision to require the Secretary of Energy to achieve and maintain
ability to conduct an underground nuclear test within 18 months, should
become necessary for the President to order such a test. * Authorized
million for the advance concepts initiative, of which $15.0 million is
to continue the feasibility study on the robust nuclear earth
||The greatest nuclear facility, pillaged
in a radioactive contamination. About 20km south to Baghdad.
||Investigation by Senate for forgery by
administration of Niger's official document of Iraqi intention to
uranium from Niger, a crucial evidence for justification of preemptive
because of possession by Iraq of MDW.
|| [Iraq] Contamination by radioactivity from
uranium,100 times as natural count. Assessed by Dr. Yuko Fujita, Keio
(physics). Maximum, 6 micro Sv per hour. Non contaminated area, 0.06
||6 parties,D.P.R.K, U.S.A., China, Korea,
Japan, talks in Beijing on North Korean nuclear issue.
| 2003. 8.30
||The K-159, a Russian November-class
submarine, sank during bad weather in the Barents Sea, taking with it
||20th subcritical nuclear weapons
named "Piano" at the experimental institution in Nevada.
|| [Russia] The new military doctrine published:
preemptive nuclear attack and tactical nuclear weapons.
||Mass Deastruction Weapons, not
in Iraq. Stated by the chief officer of inspection team of Central
||Japan, China, Korea
the nuclear free Korean peninsula.
||A secret uranium enrichment program for
years, asserted. At secret installations in a place called Kolahdouz
east to Isfahan). 10.21; Renouncement of the program declared by the
||A manned skyship launched.
||At the 1st committee of the
Nations General Assembly, a resolution proposed by Japan towards
of nuclear weapons approved. 146 in favor to 2 against, with 16
Start of negotiation for the Cut-off treaty for prevention of
of arm grade nuclear fuel, declared.
||Colonel Qaddafi agrees to dismantle all
of mass destruction programs in his country and to allow weapons
from international organizations into the country.
||North Korea claims to have shown its
nuclear weapons to delegation of American experts.
||Former top U.S. weapons inspector David Kay
testified before the Senate Armed Services Committee that he did not
find large stockpiles of newly produced weapons of mass destruction.
|2004. 2. 2
||A top scientist Abdul Qadeer Khan
addressed TV and accepted full responsibility for transferring nuclear
secrets to Iran, Libya and North Korea. He later asked Pakistani
President Pervez Musharraf for forgiveness and then proceeded to
apologize to the nation. There were also reports that the scientist had
named President Musharraf in his confession, saying he knew about the
||President Bush's new proposal of a number
of measures for non-proliferation. Nuclear fuel should be provided, and
at reasonable prices, only to countries that renounce fuel enrichment
and reprocessing:"Proliferators must not be allowed to cynically
manipulate the NPT to acquire the material and infrastructure necessary
for manufacturing illegal weapons."
||Abdul Qadeer Khan, Pakistani scientist who
sold nuclear technology around world, tells Pakistani interrogators
that during trip to North Korea five years ago he was taken to secret
underground nuclear plant and shown what he describes as three nuclear
||Mordechai Vanunu, former Israeli nuclear
technician who disclosed information about country's clandestine
nuclear program to news media, is released from prison after serving
||21th subcritical nuclear weapons
experiment at the experimental institution in Nevada.
|2004. 8. 9
||Four workers killed and seven others
injured when steam leaked from a nuclear reactor in Mihama, Fukui
Prefecture, in Japan's worst nuclear plant accident. The accident
occurred during regular maintenance in a facility housing the reactor
|2004. 9. 8
||Clandestine uranium enrichment
experiments conducted in South Korea in 2000, revealed. South Korea
admitted that researchers had conducted such experiments -- in which a
total of 0.2 gram of uranium was enriched in January and February 2000
-- without the knowledge of the government.
||A resolution, entitled gA path
to the total elimination of nuclear weapons,h sponsored by the New
Agenda Coalition, which includes Brazil, Egypt, Ireland, Mexico, New
Zealand, South Africa and Sweden, approved by a recorded vote of 151 in
favour to 2 against (India, United States), with 16 abstentions (The
First Committee), expressing deep concern regarding the growing dangers
posed by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, including
that caused by proliferation networks, and convinced that every effort
should be made to avoid nuclear war and nuclear terrorism, the Assembly
would reaffirm the importance of achieving the universality of the
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), and call on
States not parties to the Treaty to accede to it as non-nuclear weapon
States without delay and without conditions.
||Iran pledges to suspend its uranium
enrichment activities in a sign of cooperation even as the United
States has been stepping up pressure over the country's nuclear
||Vladimir V Putin says Russia will soon
deploy new nuclear missile systems that will surpass those of any other
nuclear power, Russia will continue to stress its nuclear deterrent,
even as it continues its focus on terrorism.
||Giant spending bill that Congress passes
eliminates money for developing new nuclear weapons, including one that
would be used to destroy underground bunkers; it also deeply cuts Bush
administration's request for money for new factory to make triggers for
|2005. 1. 8
||[Russia] Spill out of Radioactivity from northern
sea submarine base, reported.
||Transport of used nuclear fuel of
nuclear submarines through the Soya cannal, disclosed.
||Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,
Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan signed a treaty establishing a Central
Asian nuclear weapon-free zone (CANWFZ).
||Developing nucear weapons
officially declared. 6 parties talk interrupted.
||That 6,000 illegal miners are extracting
large amounts of material containing uranium, reported. The uranium is
allegedly sold to nearby furnaces operated mainly by private
businessmen from China and India. It is then reportedly illegally
exported to the world market via neighbouring Zambia.
||Yongbyon nuclear power plant shut
down, suspected to permit North Korea to remove spent plutonium.
||Nuclear Weapons Free Zones Conference in
Mexico city. 91 countries including nuclear state-observers.
||Resolution relating to the commencement
negotiations on the prohibition and elimination of nuclear weapons and
nuclear weapon related materials, approved by Connecticut State
Senate.Yes; 34, No;0.
||Nuclear Non-Proliferation Review
Closes Without Consensus. A spokesman for Secretary-General Kofi Annan
said in a statement the UN chief gvery much regretsh that the meeting
closed without substantive agreement, noting that the parties gmissed a
vital opportunity to strengthen our collective security against the
many nuclear threats to which all states and all peoples are
||Chinese general warns of nuclear risk to
US.Major general Zhu Chenghu, a dean at the National Defence
University."If the Americans draw their missiles and position-guided
ammunition on to the target zone on China's territory, I think we will
have to respond with nuclear weapons.""We Chinese will prepare
ourselves for the destruction of all of the cities east of Xian." "Of
course, the Americans will have to be prepared that hundreds of cities
will be destroyed by the Chinese."
||President Khatami says that Iran will not
forsake the right to produce nuclear fuel and the enrichment suspension
will not be permanent. On 27, that activities at the Isfahan UCF could
resume in days, depending on the concessions proposed at an Iran-EU
meeting. "The system has already made its decision to resume Isfahan's
activities," he said.
||The Nobel Peace Prize 2005,
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Mohamed ElBaradei.
||China's second manned space flight
conducted by two astronauts over five days.Shenzhou 6 carrying Fei
Junlong and Nie Haisheng.
||No Nuclear "Bunker Buster" Money in FY
2006 DOE Funding Bill. The Bush Administration and Senate agrees to
eliminate research funding for the Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator
(RNEP) in the FY 2006 Energy and Water Development Appropriations bill.
||First Committee.A resolution,
entitled "Towards a nuclear-free world: Accelerating the implementation
of nuclear disarmament",gA path to the total elimination of nuclear
weapons,h sponsored by the New Agenda Coalition, which includes Brazil,
Egypt, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa and Sweden, approved
by a recorded vote of 144 in favour to 5 against (India,
U.S.A.,France,England,Israel), with 19 abstentions.
Another resolution entitled "Renewed determination towards the total
elimination of nuclear weapons" sponsored by Japan, approved by a
recorded vote of 166 in
favour to 2 against (India, United States), with 7 abstentions.
||Yokosuka, Japan a port 30 miles from
Tokyo metropolitan area, required to be a mother port of U.S. nuclear
carrier, G. Washington. To be deployed 2008.
||Breaking open internationally monitored
seals on at least three of its nuclear facilities. The step for
research on enriching uranium.
|2006. 2. 4
||Board of International Atomic
Energy Agency votes, 27 to 3, to report Iran to United Nations Security
Council, potentially opening door to international punishment of
country for its suspected nuclear weapons program.
||22th subcritical nuclear weapons
test,named"Krakatau", Indonesian volcanoes. Cooperation with U.K.
||Uranium enrichment commenced. By means of
164 centrifuges at Natanz facilities.
||U.S.-India Nuclear Cooperation
approved by Council on Foreign Relations.
||23th subcritical nuclear testcarried out
at underground test site in Nevada. The first test in a shaft instead
||The foreign ministers of the five
Central Asian States--Kazakhstan, Krygyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan,
and Uzbekistan--signed a treaty establishing a Central Asian Nuclear
Weapon Free Zone (CANWFZ). The signing of the treaty went forward
despite objections by the United States, Great Britain, and France. The
new zone joins four others covering Latin America and the Caribbean,
the South Pacific, Southeast Asia, and Africa.
||Announcement by the government of
successfully conducted nuclear test for the first time. Both the United
States Geologic Survey and Japanese seismological authorities detected
an earthquake with a preliminary estimated magnitude of 4.2 on the
Richter scale in North Korea, corroborating some aspects of the North
||Unanimously approve by Security
Council sanctions for North Korea. All five permanent members stated
that the sanctions, set out in UNSC Resolution 1718 intended to
penalize the country's regime, not inhabitants.
|| The resolution "Towards a
nuclear-weapon-free world: accelerating the implementation of nuclear
sponsored by Brazil, Egypt, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa
and Sweden, approved in the First Committee. In favour: 147,Against: 8
(Democratic People's Republic of Korea, France, India, Israel,
Pakistan, Togo, United Kingdom, United States),Abstaining: 12.
The resolution "Renewed determination towards the total
elimination of nuclear weapons" sponsored by Australia, Belgium, Chile,
Guatemala, Japan, Lithuania, Nepal, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland,
approved in the First Committee.In favour: 168,Against: 4 (Democratic
People's Republic of Korea, Equatorial Guinea, India, United States)
Both resolutions approved in the General Assembly
||Six-Party (U.S.A., North Korea, China,
Korea, Russia adn Japan) Talks resumed in Beijing. North Korea
maintained its defiance to demand mutual disarmament talks with the
United States. Suspended 12.23 without any beneficial aggreement.
|2007. 1. 9
||A U.S. nuclear-powered submarine,Newport News, collided with a Japanese crude oil tanker,Mogami, in the busy shipping lanes of the Straits of Hormuz, No one was seriously injured.
||Chinese missile destroys satellite in space.
||The Georgian government says its security services have foiled an attempt by a Russian smuggler to sell weapons-grade uranium on the black market. The material had been refined to the level that could be used, in larger quantities, in a nuclear weapon. The smuggler told the agent the uranium was just a sample, and that he had access to up to 10 pounds of the material.
|2007. 2. 5
||Has begun the installation of 3,000 centrifuges in a huge underground bunker at its main nuclear facility in the central town of Natanz.
||D.P.R.K., North Korea
||Agreed to take the first steps towards nuclear disarmament in exchange for energy aid, marking a diplomatic breakthrough after years of confrontation. In the deal announced at six-party talks in Beijing. Pyongyang must act within 60 days. In return, will receive 50,000 tonnes of fuel oil or economic aid of equal value.
||An explosion aboard a Royal Navy nuclear-powered submarine, HMS Tireless, at 0420 GMT which left two sailors dead and a third injured. Caused by an oxygen "candle" on exercise under the polar ice cap with the USS Alexandria, a Los Angeles-class nuclear attack submarine.
||Nagasaki mayor, Iccho Ito, Vice President of Peace Mayors, dies after being shot.Police identify assailant as member of organized crime syndicate. As the mayor of the city where an atomic bomb was dropped just two weeks before his birth, he made a speech at the International Court of Justice in the Hague on November 7, 1995 and stressed that the use of nuclear weapons is a violation of international law.
||D.P.R.K., North Korea
||Invites IAEA Officials to Pyongyang for Verification Talks. IAEA Director General Mohamed ElBaradei received a letter dated 16 June from the DPRK, requesting an IAEA delegation to visit Pyongyang to discuss the modalities for verification and monitoring by the IAEA of the shutdown of the Yongbyon nuclear facility. At 7.18, IAEA Team confirms Shutdown of DPRK Nuclear Facilities.
||A strong earthquake struck northwestern Japan on Monday, causing a fire and about a half-gallon of radioactive water leak at one of the world's most powerful nuclear plants, Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant, and turning buildings into piles of lumber. In particular, the automatic shutdown of the reactors of Units 3, 4 and 7, which were at full power, and of the reactor of Unit 2, which was in the start up state, were performed successfully.
||The first application in 30 years to build a new U.S. nuclear power plant has been filed with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The new 1,600-megawatt reactor would be built at the Calvert Cliffs site in Lusby, MD.
|2007. 8. 3
||The text of the "Agreement for Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of India concerning peaceful uses of nuclear energy" (123 Agreement) is released by both countries. The United States would help India build nuclear power plants, and India would allow regular international inspections of its civilian reactors. Its nuclear weapons program would remain secret.
||To revive the Soviet-era practice of sending bomber aircraft on regular patrols beyond its borders, President Vladimir Putin said. "We have decided to restore flights by Russian strategic aviation on a permanent basis,"
||Six AGM-129 ACM cruise missiles, each loaded with a W80-1 variable yield nuclear warhead, were mistakenly loaded on a United States Air Force (USAF) B-52H heavy bomber at Minot and transported to Barksdale. The nuclear warheads in the missiles were supposed to have been removed before taking the missiles from their storage bunker. The missiles with the nuclear warheads were not reported missing and remained mounted to the aircraft at both Minot and Barksdale for a period of 36 hours. During this period, the warheads were not protected by the various mandatory security precautions required for nuclear weapons. The incident was reported to the top levels of the United States (U.S.) military as a Bent Spear incident, which indicates a nuclear weapon incident that is of significant concern, but does not involve the immediate threat of nuclear war.
||U.S.A., Israel, Syria
||Israel's top-secret air raid on Syria in September 6 destroyed a bomb factory assembling warheads fuelled by North Korean plutonium, a leading Israeli nuclear expert told. gI suspect that it was a plant for processing plutonium, namely, a factory for assembling the bomb, I think the DPRK transferred to Syria weapons-grade plutonium in raw form, that is nuggets of easily transported metal in protective cans. I think the shaping and casting of the plutonium was supposed to be in Syria.h The September 6 raid over Syria was carried out by the US Air Force, the Al-Jazeera Web site reported Friday. The sources were quoted as saying that Israeli F-15 and F-16 jets provided cover for the US planes.
||Celebrating Russia's Most Famous Atomic Spy, awarded a Hero of Russia medal to the American-born spy George Koval, who was the only KGB man to infiltrate the Manhattan project. Koval, who worked under the codename "Delmar", died in Moscow back in 2006. "In time of raised tensions, Moscow honors its Cold War spies."
||U.S. National Intelligence Estimate about IranLs nuclear program which concludes that there has been no on-going nuclear weapons program in Iran since the fall of 2003.
||A resolution highlighting serious health concerns over the use of depleted uranium weapons. 136 in favor, 5 (UK, USA, Netherlands, Israel and the Czech Republic) against, 36 abstentions.
||A resolution accelerating the implementation of nuclear disarmament commitments (document A/62/391), 156 in favour to 5 against (Democratic Peoplefs Republic of Korea, France, India, Israel, United States.
), with 14 abstentions.
A resolution on convention on the prohibition of the use of nuclear weapons (document A/62/392), 120 in favour to 52 against, with 10 abstentions.
A resolution on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) (document A/62/397),176 in favour to 1 against(United States), with 4 abstentions, 9 absent(Angola, Chad, Democratic Peoplefs Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Kiribati, Seychelles, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu).
||Launching the ballistic missile submarine Le Terrible SSBN 619, a Le Triomphant class submarine. It will be equipped with a new, nuclear-tipped missile, the M-51, whose range is secret but is understood to be some 4,970 miles, able to reach Asia. The actual number of warheads France possesses is secret. The Federation of American Scientists, which tracks nuclear arsenals, said France had 348 warheads, 288 on submarines, 50 on air-launched cruise missiles and 10 bombs.
||Pentagon admits mistaken nuclear arms shipment. Shipping by mistake electrical fuses for an intercontinental ballistic missile to Taiwan.Four of the cone-shaped fuses were shipped to Taiwanese officials in fall 2006 instead of the helicopter batteries they had ordered.
||U.S. government sources say that Israel's decision to attack Syria on Sept. 6, bombing a suspected nuclear site set up in apparent collaboration with North Korea, came after Israel shared intelligence with President Bush this summer indicating that North Korean nuclear personnel were in Syria.
||Earthquake in Sichuan province, nuclear sites damaged. Two nuclear fuel production sites and two atomic weapons sites, between 40 and 90 miles from the epicentre.
||Fire onboard nuclear powered Nimitz class US Aircraft Carrier USS George Washington (CVN 73). Fire was detected in the morning near aft air conditioning and refrigeration space and auxiliary boiler room, spread to more places through electrical cable way. Ships crew as a team extinguished the fire after several hours of fire fighting. 23 crew members were treated for heat stress and one crew was treated for first degree burns.
||Blueprints for a sophisticated nuclear bomb may have been passed in recent years to Iran or North Korea ? or even to terrorist groups. The bomb blueprints were discovered in 2006, but their existence has only now been made public. They were found on computers belonging to three Swiss businessmen under investigation for their ties to the smuggling ring directed by Khan, who is under house arrest for having sold nuclear secrets to Libya and other countries.
||Destroys cooling tower at nuclear plant. Almost simultaneously, President George W. Bush announced that Washington was removing North Korea from the U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism, and issued a proclamation lifting some sanctions under the Trading with the Enemy Act.
|2008. 7. 8
||An accidental spillage of waste containing uranium occured at one of France's top nuclear plants. Some 30 cubic metres (over 1,000 cubic feet) of effluents containing 12 grammes (easily less than half an ounce) of uranium per litre spilled out at the Tricastin Nuclear Power Centre in Bollene in southern France.
|2008. 7. 9
||Nine missiles had been fired in total, including a new Shahab-3, with a range of 2,000km (1,240 miles).
||The International Commission on Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament, a joint initiative of the Australian and Japanese Governments. It aims to reinvigorate international efforts on nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament, in the context of both the 2010 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference, and beyond. Prime Minister Rudd and Japanese Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda agreed to establish the Commission.
||Possible Nuclear Leak by U.S. Submarine. Japan's Foreign Ministry said in a statement that it was informed by the U.S. Navy that a small amount of radiation might have leaked from the nuclear-powered USS Houston as it traveled around the Pacific.
||Another "Incident" at French Nuclear Plant. A security incident has occurred at a French nuclear site already under scrutiny due to other scares this summer. Two fuel units became snagged in a reactor at Tricastin in southern France when site workers were removing them for maintenance. The reactor building was evacuated.
||Remark by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad that Iran possesses more than 5,000 centrifuges, which can produce nuclear material suitable for a power plant or, if highly enriched, an atomic bomb.
||Democratic Party Platform on Nuke and Nonproliferation Issues, approved.
Preventing the Spread and Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction:
A World Without Nuclear Weapons:America will seek a world with no nuclear weapons and take concrete actions to move in this direction. We face the growing threat of terrorists acquiring nuclear weapons or the materials to make them, as more countries seek nuclear weapons and nuclear materials remain unsecured in too many places. We will maintain a strong and reliable deterrent as long as nuclear weapons exist, but America will be safer in a world that is reducing reliance on nuclear weapons and ultimately eliminates all of them. We will make the goal of eliminating nuclear weapons worldwide a central element of U.S. nuclear weapons policy.
Secure Nuclear Weapons and the Materials to Make Them:We will work with other nations to secure, eliminate, and stop the spread of nuclear weapons and materials to dramatically reduce the dangers to our nation and the world. We will convene a summit in 2009 (and regularly thereafter) of leaders of Permanent Members of the U.N. Security Council and other key countries to agree on implementing many of these measures on a global basis.
End the Production of Fissile Material:We will negotiate a verifiable global ban on the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons and work to strengthen the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
End Cold War Nuclear Postures:We will work with Russia to take as many weapons as possible off Cold War, quick-launch status, and extend key provisions of the START Treaty, including its essential monitoring and verification requirements. We will not develop new nuclear weapons, and will work to create a bipartisan consensus to support ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which will strengthen the NPT and aid international monitoring of nuclear activities.
|2008. 9. 6
||Approving by 45 members of The Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) to carry out nuclear commerce, ending 34 years of isolation of India.
||U.S. nuclear aircraft carrier George Washington deployed in Yokosuka, 50 miles from metropolitan area of Tokyo.
||Launches 3-man crew into space China. Carries out first space walk.
||Signed a agreement for civil nuclear cooperation with France. With this pact, France became the first country to enter into a formal understanding with India after the Nuclear Suppliers Group exempted India from its guidelines earlier this month.
||US-India Nuclear treaty. The U.S. Senate ratified the deal 86 to 13 a week after the House passed it on 10.2.
||US removes North Korea from terrorism blacklist.@
||China-Pakistan nuclear power plant deal. China to provide help to build two new nuclear power plants.
||Satellite orbiting Moon unmanned.
||Barack Obama wins presidential election,pledging to move toward a nuclear free world.
||Accident on a Russian nuclear submarine. At least 20 people died in when a fire extinguishing system was activated by mistake.The dead are reported to be six sailors and 14 civilians.
||Tests of new anti-ship missile in Gulf of Oman.
||Resolution, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, adopted by the General Assembly.
175 in favour to 1 against(United States), 3 abstentions(India, Mauritius, Syria),and 14 absents (Angola, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Peoplefs Republic of Korea, Gambia, Haiti, Kiribati, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Tuvalu).
||India-Russia nuclear deal signed.